Fishery and Allied Enterprise Management

Fishery and Allied Enterprise Management for Sustainable Livelihood Generation

$ 4.73

by Dr. Ratnamala Thokchom,Dr. Gouranga Mazumder,Dr. Jayanta Kumar Das

ISBN Number : 978 – 93- 88672 – 08 – 5

SKU: SBP-2019-06-27-00 Category:


Dr. Ratnamala Thokchom

Assistant Agriculture Officer (Horticulture & Soil Conservation), Manipur.

Dr. Gouranga Mazumder

Guest Faculty, School of Agriculture, Seacom Skills University,
Kendradangal, Bolpur, Birbhum-731236, West Bengal. India.

Dr. Jayanta Kumar Das

Professor Emeritus, Department of Agricultural Extension, M S Swaminathan
School of Agriculture, Centurion University of Technology and Management,
Village: Alluri Nagar, P.O. R.Sitapur, Via: Uppalada, Paralakhemundi,
Gajapati-761211, Odisha, India.

Indian economy is predominantly rural and agriculture oriented where the
declining trend in the average size of the farm holding possesses a serious
problem. In agriculture 84 per cent of the holding is less than 2 acres. Majority of
them are dry lands and even irrigated areas depend on the vagaries of monsoon. In
this context, if farmers concentrated on crop production they will be subjected to
a high degree of uncertainty in income and employment. Hence, it is imperative
to evolve suitable strategy for augmenting the income of the small and marginal
farmers by combining to increase the productivity and supplement the income.
The population is steadily increasing without any possibility of increase in land
area. The income from cropping for an average farmer is hardly sufficient to
sustain his family. The farmer has to be assured of a regular income for a
reasonable standard of living by including other enterprises. This strategy is
highly relevant for enhancing the economic options among smaller farms for a
labour surplus economy in rural sector for maximization of employment
opportunities for the upliftment of landless, small and marginal farmers, who
constitute about 84 per cent of total farmers. Opportunities for diversification of
labour employment have to be created so that growing surplus labour force may
be absorbed in the villages; this is because the productivity of small farms is not
only too low but also farm size is too small to realize the scale of economies.
The national economy of India is heading for an inclusive growth and, in making
this progress a reality through livelihood generation process, the agricultural and
rural sector must have to go all out in attaining a sustainable, persistent rural
sector growth with a clear focus on peripheral economy. Agriculture and allied
activities support livelihoods of nearly 70 per cent of India’s rural population.
Therefore, the integration of farm enterprises is often suggested as the means for
rapid economic development in India. Having achieved some success in raising
crop production through various technological and institutional changes, the
country is now said to be poised for white and blue revolutions involving
substantial increase in livestock and fish output. (Mangala, 2008). Agriculture
and allied sectors contributed 18 per cent to GDP and grown by 3.7 per cent in