Infection control procedures , although well recognized in general medicine and surgery , were late in coming to dentistry . Until the late 1970′s , dentistry had a dual approach to infection control . Dental procedures at that time were divided into surgical and non surgical . In former the aseptic precautions were taken but often gloves were not worn . In latter usually â€�kitchen cleanlinessâ€� and wet finger dentistry was normally practiced. Although the concept of dental infection control was developed in 1960 ( due to hepatitis B virus infection), this field only gained priority after HIV infection gained epidemic proportion in developed countries. Dentists and dental surgeons in US infected many patients with hepatitis B virus infection in sixties and seventies. Still infection control did not gain importance possibly due to advent of vaccines to combat the hepatitis B virus. Infection control gained further momentum in US after patients treated with HIV dentist later tested positive for HIV virus and also after health care workers became infected while involved in patient care activities. Thus HIV infection and AIDS was a reality check on those opposing change in level of infection control and standard of care1. A pervasive increase in serious transmissible diseases over the last few decades has created an increased awareness among the population and has impacted the treatment mode of all health care professionals. The objective of prosthetic dentistry has been to provide the highest standard of care; emphasis has now expanded to assuring and demonstrating the patients that they are well protected from the risk of infectious diseases. Universal use of treatment gloves, masks, protective eyewear, over garments, plastic barriers to protect equipments, use of proper disinfectants and instrument sterilization now work to provide a professional health care atmosphere that conveys a conscientious protection and treatment according to sound principles of infection control and in keeping with current regulation2.