Dr.Manoj Kumar Sadual
Dr.Manoj Kumar Sadual (b.1965) is Lecturer of University Law College, a constituent College of Utkal University, Bhubaneswar, Odisha. He obtained LL.M degree from Berhampur University, Odisha and Ph.D from Utkal University. Two research scholars have been awarded Ph.D Degree and another one has submitted the doctoral thesis under his guidance.Dr. Sadual has also to his credit several research papers published in different National and International Journals. The research papers have been much appreciated and indicate his insights into various legal issues and problems. He has presented papers in many International and National Seminars & Conferences. He is a regular visiting faculty in XLRI, Jamshedpur. He has also been invited to deliver lectures to Orissa Administrative Service and State Government Officers in the Training Programmes as a guest resource person in Gopabandhu Academy of Administration, Bhubaneswar. He is a member of the State Level Selection Committee for the selection of members for JJBs and CWCs in the State of Odisha.
In India, the indigenous peoples are predominantly composed of the large and diverse tribal populations scattered across several States. The prominence of indigenous peoples concerns stems from the realization that they have not benefited from development projects, while the mainstreamed societies have prospered at their expense, pushing them deeper into the poverty trap. And the fact remains that indigenous peoples living within and on the fringe of forest areas have derived their livelihoods from forests. The British administrators in the 19th century viewed vast tracts of Indian forests as impediments to the prosperity of the colonial exchequer, as these lands could otherwise be utilized as revenue–yielding property. Accordingly forests were rapidly razed to the ground both for revenue earned from timber supplies and for maximizing land revenue by putting the cleared tracts into cultivation. After India gained independence in 1947,a landmark policy to take over the princely states controlled by independent rulers impinged further on the customary rights of forest dwellers, although it did not eliminate them entirely. The forest policies of colonial India continued into the postcolonial period, as exemplified by the National Forest Policy of 1952, which further reinforced the right of the state to exclusive control over forest protection, production, and management. Just as the fulfillment of imperial needs was the priority of colonial forest policy, the demands of commercial industry became the cornerstone of postcolonial forest policy. While communities were excluded from using forests, many industries were granted raw materials at extremely low prices. Large tracts of forests were diverted for agriculture, hydro–electric projects and other development projects in the years after independence.