Md. Enarul Hoque received his Ph.D. in Sociology from the Patna University in 1992. He started his career as a research associate in the Indo-Dutch North Bengal Terai Development Project during 1992. He taught sociology in the Siliguri College and Kalipada Ghosh Tarai Mahavidyalya, Bagdogra in the Darjeeling District, West Bengal for about 8 years. Presently he
The social structure of the different Indian villages has been studied by many Sociologists, Social Anthropologists, social workers, economists, planners for their own purposes. Though each village and district from the other but structurally they have common features for example a village has its settlement as a unit of social organization representing a solidarity different from caste, kin and class which play vital role as an agency of socialization and social control. India is a land of villages, more than 70 percent of its population resides the village scattered far and wide throughout the Indian sub–continent. It is very important for a person to study the village and its various agencies, such as education, culture, religion etc and its role as the agency of social control in order to understand the Indian society at large. Next the Indian villages are mostly illiterate, superstitions, miss–guided and misinterpreted. They are least bothered about the changes that are taking places. They have a very negative approach towards life. It is not their fault; it is the fault of our insufï��cient planning and sometimes negligence of our leaders. In many instances, student or Researchers of different discipline having different objectives, studied their problem and presented their report or data to the government. But due to various reasons nothing could be done to improve their lot. As referred earlier that they village have some common aspect though they have some distinctive features. India is a melting pot has in its population composition. People from all religious group belonging to different races like the Proud Aryans like Pathan, Blouch, The Docile, Mongolian Lepchas. The fair looking Anglo–Indian Gonds tracing their descent to the Portuguese. So each Indian village has a different type of social structure sometimes based on economy, race and sometimes mixture of both. The basic problem of this study is that so far the studies made earlier regarding Indian villages is that the studied were made never in isolation from the rest of the Hindu society. The element of social structure taken into consideration was mostly joint family, caste system, jajmani system and kinship system. All the studies were made in reference to the traditional Hindu concept of Dharma, Varna and Ashram. The village under study is Muslim dominated one. The Muslim no doubt have joint family which same features as that of a Hindu family is declining very fast due to changing attitude of social and economic forces. In towns and cities we can hardly ï��nd joint family. Though it still exists in some economically well of classes both Hindus and Muslims. But in villages the joint family is still very important from an economic point of view and as an agency of social control. So far a joint family is concerned as an element of social structure. It is applicable in this study.