Workforce Participation – The Gender Gap

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by Dr. Ankita Gupta (Author) : ISBN Number : 978-16-310205-9-9

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Dr. Ankita Gupta

Dr. Ankita Gupta is currently Assistant professor in the Department of Economics, Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh since Dec.2005 . She has been teaching both Analytical and Quantitative Economics in UG, PG, M.Phil and Pre-PhD Coursework .She is an Alumni of Allahabad University from where she was awarded the PhD. degree in Economics on the topic, �The Buoyancy and Elasticity of Central Government Taxes in India Since 1971� under the guidance of Prof. Jagdish Narayan presently Dean Faculty of Commerce, Allahabad University, Allahabad. She is Master of Ceremony holder in PG Economics at Allahabad University in 2000. She has also worked as Research Assistant in two projects on SGRY and Rural Housing at G.B.Pant Social Science Research Institute in 2004.She has a remarkable academic participation in the last ten years, some of the enumerable ones are- Presentation at the International Conference of Queens� College London and IIM �Bangalore(2009), IGIDR-Mumbai (2009),Kalyani University , Kolkatta(2009) Participation in Refresher Course at NIPFP-New Delhi (2008), Participation in UNDP �IGIDR organized Young Scholar�s Program (2009),Orientation Course �Shimla University (2010) , Research Writing cum methodology Workshop at Jamia Millia Islamia- New Delhi (2010), Interdisciplinary Refresher Course in BHU-Varanasi (2014). She has guided one PhD, entitled Scanning of and Reflexion on Female Employment from 8th Plan Onwards 2013 besides several M.Phil and Pre-PhD Dissertations and presently two PhD scholars are enrolled under her. She has ten publications in National and International Journals and, several National level presentations including IEA and UPUEA. She is life member of Indian Economic Association and -Uttar Pradesh Uttaranchal Economic Association UPUEA and Varta-Allahabad University.

Despite worshiping and paying respect to women in mythology and historical texts, gender disparities vary vastly across cultural, geographical and historical context. Another line of thought in development literature has promoted social inclusion in the institutions as the key pathway to empowerment of individuals and capitalism top-down approaches to development and/or poverty itself are seen as sources of disempowerment. This process of social inclusion was viewed as a process that removes the institutional barriers and the enhancement of incentives to increase the access of diverse individuals and groups to assets and development opportunities (Beteta Hanny,2006) The development issues related to women in a large country like India will not only be inappropriate but sometimes even misleading. Women specific and women related legislations have been enacted to safeguard the rights and interest of women, besides protecting against discrimination, violence, and atrocities and also to prevent socially undesirable practices. Despite the constitutional mandate of equal legal status for the girl child, the same is yet to be realized. The de jure laws have not been translated into de facto situation for various reasons such as illiteracy, social practices, prejudices, cultural norms based on patriarchal values, poor representation of women in policy-making, poverty, regional disparity in development, lack of access and opportunity to information and resources etc.